"Feb 2 1861. - The
offer of a passage in the Grappler to the disputed
Island of San Juan found me on my Horse this morning at 8 o'
soon after, on a very muddy road to Esquimalt harbour. The gun
was weighing anchor when I hailed her and we were soon away.
hours more and I was comfortably housed in the Quarters of
Bazelgetti commanding the detachment of 80 marines in the very
and very beautiful cove at the north part of the Island.
Captain B. was at the American camp 12 miles off as the gun boat
passed the Southern part of the Island and came off immediately,
reaching this soon after our arrival. He describes the American
officers as in a state of great excitment, not knowing what to
Captain Pickett is a Southern, others of his officers are
Northerners. They had a feud the other day but this is made up
They expect the Dissolution of the Union - know not what will
of them. One of their troubles is arrear of pay and inability to
even U.S. treasury Bills cashed. No one has confidence enough or
patriotism enough to venture to cash even the Government Bills
Washington. The same fate awaited the U.S. Revenue Ship
Massachussetts the other day at their own coal mine Bellingham
The Colliery people refused to supply the coals except for cash
refused a Government Bill. The officers at the American camp San
are very friendly and intimate with the British Officers and
frequently at each other's quarters.
This evening at 1/2 past 7 I had a gathering of the men and the
of the Grappler in a good sized Room - the new Mess Room. We
with a Hymn which I led and they heartily responded. Then the
Litany. Then another Hymn. I then read Daniel 6 and discourced upon the
circumstances and character and prophesy of Daniel. There was
attention. We concluded with the Evening Hymn. The threat of the
of Lions caused me to speak of death and its fear. I was enabled
illustrate the subject by an account of a young Serjeant
of the 49th Foot killed in the Trenches in the Crimea. He was a
soldier and a true soldier of Jesus Christ. He needed not to fear
death. No doubt Daniel and he knew each other in Heaven.
I saw tears in the eyes of several and trust an impression was left of
lasting sort. May God grant it.
I found streched upon his bed (in the Hospital of San Juan) a
man in a very apparently precarious state. He was however
had had fever. He was a Roman Catholic. He told me he never
He could not read. I asked him if he had any objection to my
God's word to him. "Oh no, I should like it, sir."
explained Col. 3. He was very attentive. I showed him how Christ
our life and He alone is our all prevailing intercession and let
set his affection on things above.
The Dinner at the Mess today proved the value of the island so
support life is concerned. There was excellent MUTTON fed upon
downs and shapes around. VENISON which is always to be had for a
in the earlymorning. SALMON and a rich small member of the tribe
called OULACHAN in size between a smelt and a herring caught in
bay of the settlement and DUCKS shot nearby - all produced on
The difficulty of getting their pay and the refusal of
cash treasury Bills makes the American Officers very anxious.
say they fully expect next month to be paid. Troops if six
months in arrears of pay may disband themselves. "Here
am I,", says Captain Pickett, "of 18 years standing,
having served my
Country so long, to be cast adrift!".
Feb. 3 Sunday - A lovely
morning, clear sky and bright sun. The
beautiful scenery, the placid lake like bay and well ordered quarters
of the settlement were the pleasing view from my window.
In the morning ay 1/2 past 10 we had a goodly number of Royal
and Crew of the Grappler. I read the Morning prayer.
Hymns and chanted the venite, Te deum, Jubilate and the glorias.
preached from that most comprehensive passage Titus 2 11-14.
In the afternoon after visiting and ministring to the patients
Hospital I met a portion of the seamen and soldiers for a
Exposition. We sang two Hymns and I read several prayers and then
for our subject the Soldiers of the New testament, the Four
Centurions, The Guards of the Synagogue, The centurion on Duty at
Lion, Cornelius and Julius, the soldiers at the Crucifixion and
soldiers who guarded the Apostle Paul in Rome. Many interesting
lessons were to be derived from this investigation and those
took an evident interest which may God have blessed to their
In the evening at 7 the Evening Prayer was solemnized.
Hymns, chanted the Name Divinities and the Magnificat. I
upon the Circumstances of the Crucifixion from the Text
down they watched Him there". Matt 28. 36 considering and
upon the things those soldiers did see and hear as they watched
Lord. I perform the whole three services the days work was
not light. Yet it
was most cheering to my spirit to be able to then gather these
neglected Souls of Britain together and speak to them of Jesus
their salvation. By these four services and sermons last night
today I trust a forcible amount of truth has been left with them
that the seed of the Divine Word thus cast abroad may be blessed
fruits many fold to the glory of our good and Merciful God and
saving of souls.
Feb 4 1861 - Fine day.
Came away from San Juan. Arrived at
about half past 1.
April 3rd 1861 -
reached New Westminster after a good passage at about 1/2 past 8 this
morning. Took a ride to Burrard's Inlet with Col. Moody.
I rode with Col. Moody along the North Road, lately finished, to
Burrard's Inlet - a distance of about 4 miles. The forest is on all
sides the entire way. Two or three clearings have been
commenced. Colonel Moody's farm is a good beginning. There is
little yet to shew - he has a few acres planted as orchard. The soil
is a light sandy brown, being of medium soil. The Road is a great
improvement and offers facilities to the Settler of the highest
importance. The land near and round the End of Burrard's Inlet is
steep and not inviting.
April 4th 1861 - Reverand Sheepshanks is an honorary member of the
Mess and also occasionally dines with Colonel Moody
A census has just been taken (April) of the Town, when it has been
found there are 290 Persons in New Westminster, of these about 30 are
women (not checking female children). At the camp there are about 300
April 6th 1861 - rain chief part of the day, dined at the Engineers
April 11th 1861 - Rode out with Colonel Moody, Captain Parsons, and
Doctor Seddall on the North Road to Burranrd's Inlet. A Fine day.
After dinner today, Colonel Moody, Rev. Mr. Sheepshanks and Mr. Knipe
and myself discussed the subject of Cemetery. The Municipal Council;
have received a grant of 20 acres for a future Cemetary. It was
considered doubtful if they could consent to set apart a portion for
April 12 1861 - Showery. During 1860, 56 inches of rain fell in new
Westminster (Captain Parsons informs me).
April 15 1861 - Rode with Colonel Moody along new Road leading from
Douglas Street to Lake Creek - Burrard's Inlet - a distance of 13
miles. We passed over an extensive open country of burnt wood land and
were the first horsemen that had gone over the whole road.
About midway is the land of Colonel Moody's with a peice of water in
which is a considerable and beautiful Beaver Dam. I examined many peices of wood which had been cut by
these diligent animals.
1861 - During my ride with Colonel Moody on the 15th, he told me he
hoped I had not forgotten his offer of 100 pounds sterling per year,
for Indian Missions. He would continue it as long as he remained in
this Country. If he went home, his income would be much reduced and he
could not promise to able amongst friends to do that and more.
July 3rd 1861
- Day Fine throughout. The Rev. Mr. Garrett, Mr. o'Reilly and myself
started this morning for the Engineer's Camp on the Similkameen Road. This new road leads to Similkameen Rock Auk and the country bordering
upon the Boundary Line. It is said the only way from the Fraser
to that part of the Colony. From there is a continous range of
both gold mining and argicultural land. In this direction will
be in all probability the course of the water-oceanic communication.
The first seven miles are beoing constructed by Messers Dewdney and
Wolrus at 300 pounds per mile. The remainder is in the hands of
the Royal Engineers. The line follows the Nicolome to Beaver
Lake the summit of the first range. Then down the Simalou to its
junction with the Skaget to the Parch Bowl Pass.
the Camp in three hours, a distance of about 16 miles. Here is
Bever Lake, so called from the vast operations of those industrious
animals everywhere visible. The Lake and rivers abound with
excellent trout. I saw several caught in a few minutes with a
and Lieut. Palmer received us with their most courteous hospitality.
They dine at the same with the Men, so we sat down at their midday
meal and enjoyed a hearty repast. It is interesting to see
wonderous change produced in a country by a road. We saw all
party of the operation. There was the tangled, rugged, pathless
forest. First a large tree would obstruct you and then in
working your way you encounter half a dozen more, lying in all
direction across, along, over and under it, part rocks and fragments
of rocks, holes where some great roots of a fallen tree have dwelt,
swamped and all sorts of difficulties hinder movement and sight.
wand of skill and industry has passed over this chaotic mass.
You see before you a beautiful road upon which you might canter a
coach and from above the light of heaven is diffused, beneath the
rocks have been removed and have provided material for a macadamized
path way, and the banks have given to the holes and surface a soft
covering which would disperse with horse shoes, and the trunks of
trees are rolled away into ravines, edge the road or form the beam of
picturesque bridges. Before you the vista is that of an English
country road. You seem to be nearby some friendly mansion.
Around as you pass along new sights of interest have been opened.
Magnificent waterfalls, sublime rocks in every garden, glimpses of
tight and foaming streams hasting on through winding placed Lakes as
such as in Europe civilized men would give much and go far to see.
Such was the
pleasure afforded was to day in tracing the progress of the
transforming industry of this Noble band of British Heros.
A grave by
the side of the new road about 17 miles on, told its tale of dangers.
Part of the work is the felling of gigantic trees. The felling
of such a tree had been nigh concluded. It gave signs of its
mighty fall. The men at work instantly retired. It had
been laid to fall in one direction right along the road in the rear.
On either side of this line there was safety. Some went on one
side - one went to the other. This latter just before the tree
came down was seen to move away and hasten along the very path into
which the tree was to come. He seemed to think he was not safe
except out of reach of the height of the tree. hence he hastened in
that direction. Alas, ere he reached a point far enough, down
came the mighty thing right upon the axeman and must have crushed
every bone of his skin.
fellow is in a precarious state. I visited him. His name
is Babbage, the pride of the Corps. He stood some 6 feet 2, well
made and of great strength. He was the best axeman and would use
a lever which no other man could lift. He was well conducted,
never a word had been set against his name in the Regimental books.
A giant tree
had been felled. The axemen retired. The tree fell upon
another tree and poised a while as though doubtful on which side it
would go. Babbage moved so as to be behind and not on the
side. Somehow the tree kicked back 12 feet and the poor man was
hit and dashed against a rock. It was supposed he was dead.
A leg and an Arm were broke with numerous other crushing bruises.
His end has been expected every day since. He is today however a
little better. I visited him ministerially. He expressed
his thankfulness. He regretted he had neglected religion.
When at home in Twister, he had attended service always, twice on
Sunday. On asking if he could not get some comrade to read the
Scripture to him, he mentioned two names, but added, "I fear they
are all novel readers." A novel was by his side but no
Bible. A comrade had been reading that. Poor hard fare
when about to die - a trashing novel.
I visited a
second time before leaving. I spoke to the men who were gathered
about the Canteen of the Uncertainty of life and their dangers.
there is much danger from the wind. Many trees always fall.
Not long since there was a great scene of alarm. Men saw monster
trees falling around and knew not where to go. All were pale
with fright. Some fled to the Lake and went out on it. I
saw where their camp had been. Great trees had fallen all around
and several into the very camp but strange to say they had fallen
between the tents with but a few inches to spare. Where it
alluded to this one man pointed out a tree close by lying near the
house which had fallen since they were in it.
There are many other dangers from this work. Fragment of
Rocks from blasting, lifting enormous weights, exposure, are some
other items of danger. Had the day been windy, we should not
have had a ride of 35 miles unattended with danger.
1861 - Day hot, wind. Rode out to the Engineers Camp - about 20
miles, with Lt. Palmer. The Evening was cool and pleasent.
Stayed the night there. Visited the wounded Soldier Babbage on
July 14 1861
Sunday - This morning I performed Service at the Camp. The men
were mustered at 9. We had morning prayer. Two Hymns were
sung and the Canticles chanted. I preached from Titus 2
11-14. The occassion was interesting. Nothing could be
more rough than the scenery round. The mountains were rugged
rocks. The huge Pines were hung with moss like grey tresses. As though suddenly opened up to view while mourning their desolation.
Huge boulder and slide rocks lying about. A violent torrent came
tearing down in so marked a manner over the huge stone of the rocking
bed that it has been called the Roaring River. The New Road just
completed was a great contrast to everything. The Service was
held in a part of this wood in the shade. The men were all in
working dress - in shirt sleeves. We had of course no cover but
Heavens Canopy. They sang heartily and were attentive.
I set off again on my stud towards Hope, visiting the wounded Soldiers
on the way.
1862 - I was asked to day on behalf of the Sappers to aid in erecting
a Church at Sapperton. Corporal Smith told me he was very
anxious about the matter himself as he was a churchman and wished to
see a Church erected in the Midst of the property belonging
to the Sappers which they could call there own. They would
purchase 4 acres and have a church, School and Burial ground. I
was most glad to encourage them.
Jan 1 1863 -
New Years day. This Evening a gathering of the children of the Corps
of Engineers with their parents took place in the Camp. There are
about 120 children who increase at the yearly rate of 25. A finer and
more healthy group never assembled in any country. The
Archdeacon announced the Prizes which Col. Moody who presided,
distributed. I also addressed them. There was an adjournment
afterwards to the Camp Club Room where the Archdeacon gave a lecture
on Palestine with the aid of a Magic lantern, concluding with lighter
scenes for the pleasure of the young eyes.