Fort Colville, 1861
From Photonegative
3728784, courtesy of Yale University Beinecke Rare Book & Manscript Library (using darrah as keyword)

Hilary Meinhardt Bauerman
Fort Colville, 1860
From larger photograph (reproduction number LC-USZC4-11419) courtesy Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs

"In Victoria I used to get up about 9, read the newspapers, take a few solar observations with a Sextant till 12, have luncheon, and ride up to town about 2, lounge about the town paying visits and shopping till 3, then go for a ride till 4:39, get home about 5:30, have dinner at 6, cup of tea at 7:30, rubber of whist (for love) till 11, and then turn in and that was our ordinary employment.  We used to be overrun at various portions of the day by naval officers coming on shore for fun, and in the evening we used sometimes to have as many as a dozen at a time in our Mess-room, and we were all great friends with them."

-- 27 May 1860, Lt. Anderson RE

(Feb. 11, 1861) One of the members of our Commission called Bauerman who is our Geologist is well acquainted with all the country about where you are and he is been interesting me very much in his account of it all, about Teplitz and Erzegebirge and Mileschauer, etc.
(written to little brother Jack, who evidently is travelling on the Continent)

--Lt. Anderson, Observations of the Boundary Commission

"Our force is greatly reduced at this place to what it was last winter.  In the first place we have lost our surgeon who has invalided himself, and also our Geologist who has been recalled." 

-- Lt. Anderson, Fort Colville, 20 Nov. 1861

Born in 1833 in London, Bauerman studied geology in England and Germany.  Little is known of his early life prior to age 18, when he went to the Government (later Royal) School of Mines in London, now part of Imperial College, from 1851 to 1853.  He was then accepted at the prestigious Freiburg Academy in Breisgau, Germany.

After two years' study in Germany, Bauermann worked for one year on the Geological Survey of Britain, under Sir Roderick Murchison.

By 1858, aged 23, Bauerman was already a noted metallurgist, mineralogist and geologist.  That year saw him appointed on the recommendation of Murchison as geologist for the British Boundary Commission.  The Commission was charged with surveying the 49th parallel, the border between the newly-founded colony of British Columbia and its neighbour to the south, Washington Territory.

The geologistís role in this new colony was critical, given the importance of gold and the presence of rich mining strikes near the contentious border.  Bauermanís work in the colony was the basis for one of his several books, a comprehensive study of the geology of southern British Columbia from the Pacific to the Rockies.

During his time in the Colony, Bauerman was also a regular correspondent to The Times of London.

In subsequent years Bauerman geologized in many other parts of the world, including Sweden, Lapland, Canada, Arabia, Peru, Mexico, Brazil, Asia Minor and the United States.  On March 18, 1863, he was elected a Fellow of The Royal Geological Society, again nominated by his mentor Murchison, and remained a member until his death.

Bauerman's home in 1909 at 142 Cavendish Road, Balham, Surrey, England

Bauerman served as professor at Firth College, Sheffield.  Later he was appointed a professor on the staff of the Ordnance College at Woolwich, home to prospective officers of both the Royal Engineers and Royal Artillery.  He died in 1909.

Bauerman returned to England complaining that his scientific work had been severely subordinated to the Boundary Survey, a not uncommon complaint of scientists attached to such expeditions. 

According to Deutsch, his findings were eventually published as :
H. Bauerman, report on the Geology of the Country near the Forty-ninth parallel of North latitude West of the Rocky Mountains from Observarions made 1859-61 (Montreal: Geological and Natural Histroy Survey of Canada, 1884)

-- Pg. 308, Letters from the 49th parallel, by C. Ian Jackson.